In contrast to the relatively quick Chapter 7 process, Chapter 13 bankruptcy is a reorganization of a consumer’s finances that allows them to pay back something to creditors over a 3-5 year period based on their income for a family of their size. With the help of a bankruptcy attorney, Chapter 13 filers create a payment plan that allocates their disposable income to make a monthly, consolidated payment to creditors. We’re sure the reader would like to know: what constitutes disposable income? For purposes of bankruptcy, disposable income means what you have left over after subtracting allowed expenses from your gross earnings. Some expenses will be determined by your actual out-of-pocket costs; others will be set by national local standards as calculated by the IRS. The less disposable income you have, the lower the percentage of unsecured debts you pay back to creditors throughout the life of your Chapter 13 plan. At the end of the process, debts that remain outstanding are discharged.
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